2021, Book Review, Sufism: A Theoretical Intervention in Global International Relations, Ed. Deepshikha Shahi, Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2020, 230 pages, Insight Turkey, vol. 17, no. 34, (2013/1), pp. 176-181.


2019, Article, “Overcoming Nihilism Through Sufism: An Analysis of Iqbal’s Article on ‘Abd Al-Karim Al-Jili“, (FULL TEXT) Oxford Journal of Islamic Studies (SSCI), Volume 30, Issue 1, 1 January 2019, Pages 69–96.

Abstract: This paper attempts to rethink the philosophy of Muhammad Iqbal (1877–1938) and challenge the still prevailing tendency in Iqbal scholarship to view it merely as an outcome of the influence of the ideas of various Western/European philosophers. I present Iqbal’s arguments in their particular historical and intellectual context to show that they developed in response to a specific philosophical problem and that Iqbal looked for a solution to that problem in Islamic tradition. I suggest that Iqbal’s philosophy is best understood in the context of, and as a response to, the problem of nihilism as it was debated in modern German philosophy during ‘the pantheism controversy’ in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. To demonstrate this, I analyse Iqbal’s article on Abd al-Karim al-Jili to show his concern with the problem of nihilism, and his solution to it based on al-Jili’s Sufism.

2018, Work-In-Progress, “Misprints and Interpretive Problems in Iqbal Literature: Abdu-l-Karim al-Jili or Abdu-l-Qadir al-Jilani?”, 22.03.2018


2016, Dissertation, Overcoming Nihilism Through Sufism: Muhammad Iqbal, His Philosophy, and Political Theology

Abstract: This dissertation is interested in how Muhammad Iqbal’s philosophy (1877 – 1938), one of the leading modern Muslim philosophers, is interpreted and analyzed in the literature. Arguing that existing interpretations lack a philosophical perspective in approaching Iqbal and his ideas, this study contributes to Iqbal literature by offering an alternative interpretation and narrative of Iqbal’s ideas and intellectual development from a philosophical perspective. In doing this, this study situates Iqbal in a philosophical context and problematic and shows how he discusses this problem. Analyzing Iqbal’s writings from 1900 to 1934, this dissertation demonstrates that Iqbal’s philosophy and intellectual development is best analyzed and understood within the context of, and as a response to, the problem of nihilism in its epistemological, metaphysical, moral and political dimensions. Accordingly, this study also demonstrates that Iqbal’s response, or solution, to the problem of nihilism is a reconstructed form of Sufism.

2013, Translation, “Monoloğun Ötesinde: Karşılaştırmalı Bir Siyaset Teorisine Doğru“, Fred Dallmayr, Divan: Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, vol. 18, no. 35, (2013/2), pp. 87-108.


2013, Book Review, Comparative Political Philosophy: Studies Under the Upas Tree, Anthony Parel, Ronald C. Keith, London, Sage Publications, 1992, 245 pages, Divan: Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, vol. 17, no. 34, (2013/1), pp. 176-181.


2008, Book Review, Africa’s Challenge to International Relations, Kevin C. Dunn ve Timothy M. Shaw, (ed.), Uluslararası İlişkiler Dergisi (SSCI)(Journal of International Relations), Vol. 5, Issue 17, Spring 2008, pp. 197- 202.